15/05/2024 - Audax Renovable SA: Individual annual accounts and individual Directors’ Report of Audax Renovables, S.A., for the year ended on 31 December 2023

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Auditor's Report on Audax Renovables, S.A.

(Together with the annual accounts and directors' report of Audax Renovables, S.A. for the year ended 31 December 2023)

(Translation from the original in Spanish. In the event of discrepancy, the Spanish-language version prevails.)

KPMG Auditores, S.L. C/ Ventura Rodríguez, 2 33004 Oviedo (Asturias)

Independent Auditor's Report

on the Annual Accounts

(Translation from the original in Spanish. In the event of discrepancy, the Spanish-language version prevails.)

To the shareholders of Audax Renovables, S.A.

REPORT ON THE ANNUAL ACCOUNTS

Opinion __________________________________________________________________

We have audited the annual accounts of Audax Renovables, S.A. (the "Company"), which comprise the balance sheet at 31 December 2023, and the income statement, statement of changes in equity and statement of cash flows for the year then ended, and notes.

In our opinion, the accompanying annual accounts give a true and fair view, in all material respects, of the equity and financial position of the Company at 31 December 2023, and of its financial performance and its cash flows for the year then ended in accordance with the applicable financial reporting framework (specified in note 2 to the annual accounts) and, in particular, with the accounting principles and criteria set forth therein.

Basis for Opinion _________________________________________________________

We conducted our audit in accordance with prevailing legislation regulating the audit of accounts in Spain. Our responsibilities under those standards are further described in the Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Annual Accounts section of our report.

We are independent of the Company in accordance with the ethical requirements, including those regarding independence, that are relevant to our audit of the annual accounts pursuant to the legislation regulating the audit of accounts in Spain. We have not provided any non-audit services, nor have any situations or circumstances arisen which, under the aforementioned regulations, have affected the required independence such that this has been compromised.

We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.

KPMG Auditores S.L., a limited liability Spanish company and a member firm of the KPMG global organisation of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Limited, a private English company limited by guarantee. All rights reserved.

Paseo de la Castellana, 259C 28046 Madrid

On the Spanish Official Register of Auditors ("ROAC") with No. S0702, and the Spanish Institute of Registered Auditors' list of companies with No. 10.

Reg. Mer Madrid, T. 11.961, F. 90, Sec. 8, H. M -188.007, Inscrip. 9 N.I.F. B-78510153

2

(Translation from the original in Spanish. In the event of discrepancy, the Spanish-language version prevails.)

Key Audit Matters ________________________________________________________

Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgement, were of most significance in the audit of the annual accounts of the current period. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the annual accounts as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters.

Recoverable amount of investments in and loans to Group companies and associates

See notes 7 and 20 to the annual accounts

Key audit matter

How the matter was addressed in our audit

At 31 December 2023 the Company has non-current investments in and loans to Group companies and associates amounting to Euros 570,686 thousand.

The recoverable amount of investments in Group companies is calculated, in the case of companies showing indications of impairment, by applying valuation techniques which often require the exercising of judgement by the Directors and the use of assumptions and estimates.

Due to the significance of the amount of investments in and loans to Group companies and associates, the aforementioned estimates have been considered a key audit matter.

Our audit procedures included the following:

  • evaluating the design and implementation of the key controls related to the valuation of investments in and loans to Group companies and associates.
  • evaluating the indications of impairment, as well as the methodology and assumptions used to estimate the recoverable amount of investees in which indications of impairment exist,
  • the involvement of our valuation specialists in the assessment of the reasonableness of the main assumptions used.
  • We also assessed whether the disclosures in the annual accounts meet the requirements of the financial reporting framework applicable to the Company.

Recognition of revenue from unbilled energy supplied

See notes 9 and 18 to the annual accounts

Key audit matter

How the matter was addressed in our audit

The Company must make estimates of unbilled supplies to end customers in the period between the last meter reading and the end of the reporting period. In this regard trade and other receivables at 31 December 2023 include Euros 19,902 thousand.

The amount of unbilled energy supplied is estimated based on internal and external information that is compared with the readings contained in the management systems used by the businesses. Revenue is calculated by multiplying the volume of estimated unbilled consumption, a process that is

Our audit procedures included the following:

  • analysing the design and implementation of the key controls related to the calculation of the unbilled energy supplied,
  • retrospectively analysing of the estimates made at previous years' closes,
  • assessing the reasonableness of the volume of unbilled energy through an analysis of historical information and other internal and data,

3

(Translation from the original in Spanish. In the event of discrepancy, the Spanish-language version prevails.)

Recognition of revenue from unbilled energy supplied

See notes 9 and 18 to the annual accounts

Key audit matter

How the matter was addressed in our audit

subject to a high degree of uncertainty, by the tariff

agreed for each customer.

Determining unbilled energy supplied requires the use of estimates by Company management with the application of criteria, judgements and assumptions in its calculations, so the recognition of revenue from unbilled energy supplied has been considered a key audit matter.

  • evaluating whether the timing of the recognition is correct based on a selection of transactions after the reporting date.

We also assessed whether the disclosures in the annual accounts meet the requirements of the financial reporting framework applicable to the Company.

Other Information: Directors' Report _______________________________________

Other information solely comprises the 2023 directors' report, the preparation of which is the responsibility of the Company's Directors and which does not form an integral part of the annual accounts.

Our audit opinion on the annual accounts does not encompass the directors' report. Our responsibility regarding the information contained in the directors' report is defined in the legislation regulating the audit of accounts, as follows:

  1. Determine, solely, whether certain information included in the Annual Corporate Governance Report and the Annual Report on Directors' Remuneration, as specified in the Spanish Audit Law, have been provided in the manner stipulated in the applicable legislation, and if not, to report on this matter.
  2. Assess and report on the consistency of the rest of the information included in the directors' report with the annual accounts, based on knowledge of the entity obtained during the audit of the aforementioned annual accounts. Also, assess and report on whether the content and presentation of this part of the directors' report are in accordance with applicable legislation. If, based on the work we have performed, we conclude that there are material misstatements, we are required to report them.

Based on the work carried out, as described above, we have observed that the information mentioned in section a) above has been provided in the manner stipulated in the applicable legislation, that the rest of the information contained in the directors' report is consistent with that disclosed in the annual accounts for 2023, and that the content and presentation of the report are in accordance with applicable legislation.

Directors' and Audit Committee's Responsibility for the Annual Accounts ____

The Directors are responsible for the preparation of the accompanying annual accounts in such a way that they give a true and fair view of the equity, financial position and financial performance of the Company in accordance with the financial reporting framework applicable to the entity in Spain, and for such internal control as they determine is necessary to enable the preparation of annual accounts that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.

4

(Translation from the original in Spanish. In the event of discrepancy, the Spanish-language version prevails.)

In preparing the annual accounts, the Directors are responsible for assessing the Company's ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless the Directors either intend to liquidate the Company or to cease operations, or have no realistic alternative but to do so.

The audit committee is responsible for overseeing the preparation and presentation of the annual accounts.

Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Annual Accounts______________

Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the annual accounts as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor's report that includes our opinion.

Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with prevailing legislation regulating the audit of accounts in Spain will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these annual accounts.

As part of an audit in accordance with prevailing legislation regulating the audit of accounts in Spain, we exercise professional judgement and maintain professional scepticism throughout the audit. We also:

  • Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the annual accounts, whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.
  • Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the entity's internal control.
  • Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by the Directors.
  • Conclude on the appropriateness of the Directors' use of the going concern basis of accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor's report to the related disclosures in the annual accounts or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditor's report. However, future events or conditions may cause the Company to cease to continue as a going concern.
  • Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the annual accounts, including the disclosures, and whether the annual accounts represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves a true and fair view.

5

(Translation from the original in Spanish. In the event of discrepancy, the Spanish-language version prevails.)

We communicate with the audit committee of Audax Renovables, S.A. regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.

We also provide the entity's audit committee with a statement that we have complied with the applicable ethical requirements, including those regarding independence, and to communicate with them all matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, related safeguards.

From the matters communicated to the audit committee of the entity, we determine those that were of most significance in the audit of the annual accounts of the current period and which are therefore the key audit matters.

We describe these matters in our auditor's report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosure about the matter.

REPORT ON OTHER LEGAL AND REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS

European Single Electronic Format ________________________________________

We have examined the digital file of Audax Renovables, S.A. for 2023 in European Single Electronic Format (ESEF) comprising an XHTML file with the annual accounts for the aforementioned year, which will form part of the annual financial report.

The Directors of Audax Renovables, S.A. are responsible for the presentation of the 2023 annual financial report in accordance with the format requirements stipulated in Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2019/815 of 17 December 2018 (hereinafter the "ESEF Regulation"). In this regard, they have incorporated the Annual Corporate Governance Report and the Annual Report on Directors' Remuneration by means of a reference thereto in the directors' report.

6

(Translation from the original in Spanish. In the event of discrepancy, the Spanish-language version prevails.)

Our responsibility consists of examining the digital file prepared by the Company's Directors, in accordance with prevailing legislation regulating the audit of accounts in Spain. This legislation requires that we plan and perform our audit procedures to determine whether the content of the annual accounts included in the aforementioned digital file fully corresponds to the annual accounts we have audited, and whether the annual accounts have been formatted, in all material respects, in accordance with the requirements of the ESEF Regulation.

In our opinion, the digital file examined fully corresponds to the audited annual accounts, and these are presented, in all material respects, in accordance with the requirements of the ESEF Regulation.

Additional Report to the Audit Committee _________________________________

The opinion expressed in this report is consistent with our additional report to the Company's audit committee dated 27 February 2023.

Contract Period __________________________________________________________

We were appointed as auditor by the shareholders at the ordinary general meeting on 30 June 2023 for a period of one year, from the year ended 31 December 2023.

Previously, we had been appointed for a period of one year, by consensus of the shareholders at their general meeting of 16 June 2022, and have been auditing the annual accounts since the year ended 31 December 2017.

KPMG Auditores, S.L.

On the Spanish Official Register of Auditors ("ROAC") with No. S0702

(Signed on original in Spanish)

This report corresponds to stamp number 09/24/00012 issued by the Spanish Institute of Registered Auditors (ICJCE)

On the Spanish Official Register of Auditors ("ROAC") with No. 22,472

RESPONSIBILITY STATEMENT FOR THE ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORT

AUDAX RENOVABLES, S.A. AND INVESTEE COMPANIES

Annual Accounts and Directors' Report as at 31 December 2023

The members of the Board of Directors of Audax Renovables, S.A., in compliance with article 8 of the Royal Decree 1362/2007, confirm that to the best of their knowledge the individual annual accounts and the consolidated group's annual accounts for the year ended on 31 December 2023 and drawn up on the meeting on 27 February 2024 have been prepared in accordance with the applicable set of accounting standards, give a true and fair view of the assets, liabilities, financial position and profit and loss of Audax Renovables, S.A. and of the entities included in the consolidation taken as a whole, and that the directors' report includes a fair review of the development and performance of the business and the position of Audax Renovables, S.A. and of the entities included in the consolidation taken as a whole, together with a description of the principal risks and uncertainties that they face, duly signed by all directors.

BOARD OF DIRECTORS

Mr Francisco José Elías Navarro

Chairman

Mr Josep Maria Echarri i Torres

Mr Ramiro Martínez-Pardo del Valle

Member

Member

Ms Anabel López Porta

Ms Rosa González Sans

Member

Member

Badalona, 27 February 2024

AUDAX RENOVABLES, S.A.

Individual Annual Accounts

as at 31 December 2023

This English-language version has been translated from the original issued in Spanish. In the event of any discrepancy, the

Spanish-language version prevails.

Disclaimer

Audax Renovable SA published this content on 15 May 2024 and is solely responsible for the information contained therein. Distributed by Public, unedited and unaltered, on 15 May 2024 16:57:38 UTC.

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